Return to traditional craftsmanship as the foundation of all artistic creation.
No workshop has determined the image of the Bauhaus to the outside as sustainable as the furniture workshop. At first it was led by Johannes Itten. 1921, Walter Gropius master of form and had part of the furnishings for his buildings.
The Bauhaus exhibition in 1923 the house gives the Horn one of the earliest and most radical ideas of the 'new housing', and Gropius created simultaneously with the director of his equipment room a modern Gesamtkunstwerk, the traditional forms of representation can be far behind. At the exhibition, first presented to furniture, to implement their concepts visible Gropius' principles of Bauhaus Production 'meeting for which each object's function practical, durable, cheap and beautiful Marcel Breuer bar stool seems Gropius' requirements to meet perfect: aesthetically pleasing and a functional analysis will provide this chair sculpture as one of the most famous designs of the Bauhaus in Weimar, which can be made by hand, even in limited numbers in the Weimar workshop.
In Dessau in 1925 appointed himself to the workshop manager, Breuer was able to Implement his design ideas with the help of the steel tube in the form of radicalized. It caused a series of chair designs, Which use the technical possibilities of the material, to ease the traditional office furniture, not just him - assisted by the reflective surface - to give a different aesthetic. These furniture are becoming symbols of a new furniture style and epitome of the realignment of the Dessau Bauhaus.
With the departure of Breuer 1928 change under the new director of the objectives of the workshop: instead of single pieces, can not deny their design, coming from the Bauhaus, shifted the profile of furniture to go now, the use of simple materials to production were prepared. Hannes Meyer coined the slogan "people's needs, not luxuries." From Bauhaus compiled pattern facilities reflect the changes: The number of furniture fell, many had to therefore be multifunctional. Their design deliberately avoided any aesthetic value. Programmatically, was avoided by choice of materials and detailing a technically acting appearance.
Since orders failed because of the economic situation, the workshop is under Mies van der Rohe largely shut down. He had developed his famous tubular steel furniture and steel band even before he became director of the Bauhaus. To Bauhaus furniture they are role models: my students only to them with the compelling compositional Establish consistency in their study work can be, which had reached Mies in his newly completed buildings. The last phase of the Bauhaus is therefore dominated by models whose aesthetic quality, even today seems hardly repeatable. Mies's students would miss without them critical.